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Ecofiscal Commissioners



Associate Professor, Department of Applied Economics, HEC Montréal

Justin Leroux is an Associate Professor at the Department of Applied Economics of HEC Montréal. He is also a member of the Center for Interuniversity Research and Analysis of Organizations (CIRANO) and the Centre de Recherche en Éthique (CRÉ).

Prof. Leroux holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Economics from Rice University, as well as an M.A. in Mathematics applied to Economics from the Sorbonne University in Paris. He is also laureate of the Nationwide French competition for tenured professorship in Economics. Prof. Leroux also holds an engineering degree from the National Superior School for Advanced Technologies (ENSTA), Paris, France.

His research interests focus on fair division and cost sharing, specifically of public services and in environmental issues. Prof. Leroux is also involved in consulting for private firms and governments for which he made contributions regarding the optimal pricing of call center services, road networks and water services.

Prof. Leroux is also the recipient of several research grants from different organizations including Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), the Quebec Research Fund for Society and Culture (FQRSC) and the French National Research Agency (ANR).



School of Public Policy, Simon Fraser University


Member of the Technical Committee on Business Taxation

Nancy Olewiler is an economist and Professor of Public Policy in the School of Public Policy, Simon Fraser University. Prior to coming to the Economics department at SFU in 1990, she was a professor in the Economics department at Queen’s University.

Her PhD is in economics from the University of British Columbia. Nancy’s areas of research include natural resource and environmental economics and policy. She has published in academic journals, edited books, has written two widely used textbooks – The Economics of Natural Resource Use and Environmental Economics, and produced numerous reports for the Canadian federal and provincial governments on a wide range of environmental and natural resource issues, including studies on energy and climate policy, natural capital and ecosystem services, and federal tax policy. From 1990 to 1995 she was Managing Editor of Canadian Public Policy.

She is a research advisor and mentor for the Environment and Economy Program for Southeast Asia and the Latin America and Caribbean Environmental Economics Program where she helps supervise research undertaken by researchers in those regions on environmental economics and natural resource issues.  She has served on the Board of Directors for BC Hydro and TransLink.



Chair, Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission
Director, Max Bell School of Public Policy
Department of Economics, McGill University


Clifford Clark Visiting Economist, Finance Canada
Special Advisor to the Governor, Bank of Canada

Christopher Ragan is the inaugural Director of McGill University’s Max Bell School of Public Policy and is an Associate Professor in McGill’s Department of Economics. He is the Chair of Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission, which launched in November 2014 with a 5-year horizon to identify policy options to improve environmental and economic performance in Canada. He is also a member of the federal finance minister’s Advisory Council on Economic Growth, which began in early 2016.

Chris Ragan is a Research Fellow at the C.D. Howe Institute, from 2010-13 he held the Institute’s David Dodge Chair in Monetary Policy, and for many years was a member of its Monetary Policy Council. In 2009-10, he was the Clifford Clark Visiting Economist at Finance Canada; in 2004-05 he served as Special Advisor to the Governor of theDr Bank of Canada. In 2010-12 he was the President of the Ottawa Economics Association.

Ragan’s published research focuses mostly on the conduct of macroeconomic policy. His 2004 book, co-edited with William Watson, is called Is the Debt War Over? In 2007 he published A Canadian Priorities Agenda, co-edited with Jeremy Leonard and France St-Hilaire from the Institute for Research on Public Policy. The Ecofiscal Commission’s The Way Forward (2015) was awarded the prestigious Doug Purvis Memorial Prize for the best work in Canadian economic policy.

Chris Ragan is an enthusiastic teacher and public communicator. In 2007 Ragan was awarded the Noel Fieldhouse teaching prize at McGill. He is the author of Economics (formerly co-authored with Richard Lipsey), which after fifteen editions is still the most widely used introductory economics textbook in Canada. Ragan also writes frequent columns for newspapers, most often in The Globe and Mail. He teaches in several MBA and Executive MBA programs, including at McGill, EDHEC in France, and in special courses offered by McKinsey & Company. He gives dozens of public speeches every year.

Ragan received his B.A. (Honours) in economics in 1984 from the University of Victoria and his M.A. in economics from Queen’s University in 1985. He then moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts where he completed his Ph.D. in economics at M.I.T. in 1989. See his personal McGill website for downloads of his published research as well as his newspaper columns: https://mcgill.ca/economics/christopher-t-s-ragan



Associate Professor & Scientific Director, Fiscal and Economic Policy, School of Public Policy, University of Calgary

Dr. Lindsay Tedds is an Associate Professor of Economics and Scientific Director of Fiscal and Economic Policy in the School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary. Lindsay holds a BA in Political Science from Carleton University, a BA and MA in Economics from the University of Victoria, and a PhD in Economics from McMaster University. Before becoming an academic she held several posts with the Government of Canada in Ottawa as well as in municipal government in the areas of public economics and policy implementation.

Lindsay’s primary research and teaching area is applied economic research and policy analysis, with a particular focus on the design and implementation of tax policy. She has written a number of peer-reviewed journals articles, book chapters, and technical reports, as well as two books in this field.

Her objective as an academic is to make both an academic contribution and to have an impact on Canadian policy-making and policy-implementation with the hope of changing public policy for the better. She regularly stimulates and engages in broader conversations about public policy beyond the academic community through a variety of channels.

Municipal Experts



Executive Director, TransLink Mayors’ Council Secretariat

Mike is a public policy executive with over 15 years of experience in transportation policy, municipal government, stakeholder engagement, governance and communications. His current position puts him in the nexus of policy, intergovernmental relations and politics, working with Metro Vancouver’s 23 mayors to develop and deliver their agenda to expand the region’s transit network. The Mayors’ Council, after many years of planning, analysis, debate and hard work, has recently approved an almost $10 billion plan to build new rapid transit and bus services, walking and cycling facilities and road improvements across Canada’s third largest metropolitan region.

Mike has a Masters in Public Administration from the University of Victoria, and has worked for the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, local governments in Greater Victoria, as well international NGOs in Canada and Australia.



Director of Sustainable Development, City of Beaconsfield

Andrew Duffield is a civil engineer with a Master’s in Environmental engineering on soil remediation. He worked as a municipal engineer at the City of Westmount and then as Director of Public Works at the Town of Baie-D’Urfé. Since taking office as Director of Public Works at the City of Beaconsfield in 2013, Mr. Duffield was integral to the implementation of the Waste Reduction Strategy and the Smart garbage collection system. Mr. Duffield was recently named to the position of Director of Sustainable Development to develop various projects associated with climate change resiliency as well as environmentally responsible development.

As part of the City of Beaconsfield’s Waste reduction strategy developed with and for residents, a new garbage collection system was implemented that enables residents to control their cost as a function of their efforts to reduce what they send to landfill. For the purposes of an incentive tariff, the system records the number of pick-ups for each property using “Smart” garbage bins equipped with transponders. The benefits of the smart collection include:

– Better sorting of what is generated and increased recycling of materials other than garbage
– Important savings which allows the city to offer more services while maintaining global waste management costs
– An equitable and flexible approach based on the real use of the service that permits residents to become actors of change



Director of Mobility Pricing, TransLink

Daniel Firth is director of Mobility Pricing at TransLink and formerly Executive Director of the Metro Vancouver Mobility Pricing Independent Commission. He brings many years’ experience of designing, implementing and evaluating road user charging and performance parking systems in London and Stockholm, as well as experience of aligning and integrating mobility pricing with other urban policy goals and plans.

Daniel was most recently Chief Strategy Officer for roads and streets at the City of Stockholm. He was project manager for the City’s Urban Mobility Strategy, including overseeing programmes to prioritise people walking, cycling and using transit, as well as goods movements. He was responsible for implementation and evaluation of the Stockholm congestion tax in 2007, for recent changes to the tax in 2015 and 2016, as well as for a large expansion of parking management. As project manager for the City’s public space strategy he was also involved in work on the Global Streets Design Guide.

Before arriving in Stockholm, Daniel was involved in the implementation and expansion of the Central London Congestion Charge, responsible for delivering a programme of complementary measures for bus priority and streetscape improvements. Daniel is an urban planner with qualifications from the University of Newcastle, England and the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden.



Formerly Toronto’s City Manager

Joe Pennachetti was Toronto’s City Manager from 2008 until 2015 and Toronto’s Deputy City Manager and Chief Financial Officer between 2002 and 2008. His extensive experience in Toronto spanned the terms of four mayors. One of his key accomplishments was leading the development of the 2013-2018 Strategic Plan that updated the 2002 vision and mission for the City, with specific goals to guide planning activities. That plan added some important new directions for Toronto, including the concept of property tax revenues as a last resort for financing services and implementing full cost servicing in the pricing of user fees, including water/wastewater and solid waste management.

Prior to joining the City of Toronto, Joe held senior positions in the regional municipalities of Peel (CFO), York (CFO) and Durham and spent ten years at the City of Edmonton. Now retired, Joe continues to share his wealth of experience as a senior fellow at the University of Toronto, serving as Executive Adviser to the Global Cities Institute, the World Council on City Data and the Institute of Municipal Finance and Governance. He is also Chair of the board at the Ontario Clean Water Agency and a Director on the Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System (OMERS) Board. Joe Pennachetti has a Masters of Business Administration from the University of Windsor and is a Certified Professional Accountant.



Mayor, District of Tofino

Josie Osborne is the mayor of Tofino, BC. After completing a Masters in Resource Management at Simon Fraser University and prior to becoming mayor in 2013, she worked as a professional biologist and environmental educator.

As mayor of a progressive rural municipality, Josie’s primary interests are governance, civic engagement and communication, and her strong belief that solutions to many challenges lie in the knowledge base of the community…they just need a little help to emerge. She credits her education and experience in science as a critical foundation for leading good decision-making in the public policy sphere.

Josie currently serves as Chair of the Board for the Island Coastal Economic Trust (ICET), and Vice chair of the Alberni-Clayoquot Regional District. In 2017, she was appointed by the BC Minister of Environment and Climate Change to the British Columbia Clean Growth and Climate Action Advisory Council.



Director, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance

Enid Slack is the Director of the Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance (IMFG) and an Adjunct Professor at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. IMFG is the only institute of its kind in North America, which focuses exclusively on the fiscal health and governance challenges faced by large cities and city-regions. Enid has written extensively on property taxes, intergovernmental transfers, development charges, financing municipal infrastructure, metropolitan governance, and municipal boundary restructuring.

Recent co-edited books (with Richard Bird) include Financing Infrastructure: Who Should Pay and Is Your City Healthy? Measuring Urban Fiscal Health. Enid consults on municipal finance and governance issues with governments and international agencies such as the World Bank, IMF, UN Habitat, Asian Development Bank, and the Inter-American Development Bank. She has consulted in Canada as well as Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, Mongolia, the Philippines, South Africa, and Tanzania. In 2012, she was awarded the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medal for her work on cities.



General Manager, Halifax Water

Carl Yates has extensive experience in the water utility profession having served as Project Engineer, Chief Engineer and General Manager of the Halifax Water Commission from 1988 to 1996. In 1996, he was appointed General Manager of the Halifax Regional Water Commission which assumed a regional mandate after the municipal amalgamation of the greater Halifax area in 1996.

In 2007, Mr. Yates oversaw the formation of the first regulated water, wastewater and stormwater utility in Canada with the transfer of wastewater and stormwater assets from Halifax Municipality. Halifax Water is a body corporate municipal utility, generating approximately 140 million dollars in annual revenue with assets of over $2 Billion.

Mr. Yates is Past Chair of the Focus Area Council of the Water Research Foundation, Vice Chair of the Canadian Water Network, and a member of the Board of Directors of Special Olympics Nova Scotia.





Senior Research Associate

Jonathan Arnold is a Research Associate with Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission. Since joining the team in 2015, his research has focused on transportation, climate change, municipal water and wastewater, and solid waste policy. Jonathan previously worked as an economist with Environment Canada’s Regulatory Analysis and Valuation Division in Gatineau and holds a Master’s of Public Policy from Simon Fraser University. Jonathan was born and raised in Halifax, NS, and has lived in Stockholm, Ottawa, and now Vancouver. As an avid cyclist, Jonathan spends much of his free time in the mountains, but can also be found on the basketball court, travelling, or lounging with a good book.



Executive Director

Dale is Ecofiscal’s lead policy wonk. He moves comfortably from big-picture strategy to quantitative analytics.  He has deep expertise and experience in environmental economics and policy, and in particular carbon pricing. He has consulted for governments and organizations across Canada and internationally. He also worked as a Policy Advisor with the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy. Dale holds a masters degree in resource and environmental management from Simon Fraser University, with a specialization in energy-economy modelling. Read his blogs here.



Communications Director

Annette’s career has been focused on advancing and disseminating cutting edge sustainability research and practice. At the Ecofiscal Commission, Annette oversees all communications and events. She is also a marketing and development consultant with Learning for a Sustainable Future, an organization focused on integrating sustainability concepts into the education system. Prior to joining the Commission, Annette served as coordinator at York University’s Institute for Research and Innovation in Sustainability for seven years. She also served as a board member for Centres d’Accueil Héritage for seven years, including acting as its chair for one year. Annette has a Master of Business Administration from the Schulich School of Business, where she specialized in sustainability, strategy and nonprofit management. She also holds a Bachelor of Science from the University of Waterloo, specializing in environmental science and business, with minors in both economics and biology. In her spare time, she enjoys yoga, rock climbing, cooking, and the contemplative practice of focusing.